South Australia

SA

South Australia is a state in the southern central part of the country, along the Southern Ocean. It covers an area of 984 377 km². South Australia is known as both the Festival State and the Wine State and its capital is Adelaide.

The state’s population is approximately 1.54 million (2005). Most of those reside in the fertile coastal areas and in the valley of the Murray River.

The South Australian coastline is more than 3,800 kilometres long and has fantastic fishing, boating and surfing.

Northern parts of the state (such as the Flinders Ranges and outback of South Australia) experience very hot conditions during summer. Many of these areas are desert, so the days can be hot, while the nights are often cold.

Areas of employment are included in the following table:

Regional SA – Total persons (Usual residence) 2011
Industry sector Number % Australia %
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing 23,168 14.3 2.5
Mining 4,790 3.0 1.8
Manufacturing 18,053 11.2 9.0
Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services 2,000 1.2 1.1
Construction 11,495 7.1 8.2
Retail Trade 17,486 10.8 10.5
Wholesale trade 4,843 3.0 4.0
Accommodation and Food Services 11,009 6.8 6.5
Transport, Postal and Warehousing 6,976 4.3 4.8
Information Media and Telecommunications 1,112 0.7 1.8
Financial and Insurance Services 2,267 1.4 3.8
Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services 1,607 1.0 1.6
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services 3,911 2.4 7.3
Administrative and Support Services 4,944 3.1 3.2
Public Administration and Safety 7,719 4.8 6.9
Education and Training 11,390 7.0 8.0
Health Care and Social Assistance 18,570 11.5 11.6
Arts and Recreation Services 1,250 0.8 1.5
Other Services 5,832 3.6 3.8
Inadequately described or not stated 3,221 2.0 2.3
Total employed persons aged 15+ 161,643 100.0 100.0

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2006 and 2011.