Victoria

VIC

Victoria is Australia’s second-smallest state, covering 227,600 square kilometres of the south-eastern point of the Australian mainland. Victoria’s capital, Melbourne is located around the shores of Port Phillip Bay.

About 36 per cent of Victoria is covered by forest with the major forest belt in the east.

The climate in Victoria can vary widely, but most of the State falls within the warm, temperate belt of the south-east corner of Australia, characterised by warm and dry summers and cool to mild, wet, winters.

Victoria produces almost a quarter of Australia’s total rural output.

Agricultural and pastoral products include wool, sheep-meat and beef, wheat, oats, barley, maize, tobacco, hops and fodder crops, citrus, grapes, apples, stone fruits and vegetables and dairy products. Victoria is Australia’s main producer of mutton and lamb, dairy products and dried vine fruits and substantial amounts are exported.

Victoria is also an important producer of timber from its 8 million hectares of forests. This includes 223 000 hectares of forest plantations.

Areas of employment are included in the following table:

Victoria – Total persons (Usual residence) 2011
Industry sector Number % Australia %
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing 57,028 2.3 2.5
Mining 9,115 0.4 1.8
Manufacturing 271,066 10.7 9.0
Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services 27,628 1.1 1.1
Construction 211,006 8.3 8.2
Retail Trade 273,681 10.8 10.5
Wholesale trade 114,107 4.5 4.0
Accommodation and Food Services 153,893 6.1 6.5
Transport, Postal and Warehousing 118,149 4.7 4.8
Information Media and Telecommunications 50,081 2.0 1.8
Financial and Insurance Services 104,700 4.1 3.8
Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services 35,073 1.4 1.6
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services 196,221 7.8 7.3
Administrative and Support Services 83,197 3.3 3.2
Public Administration and Safety 134,972 5.3 6.9
Education and Training 202,306 8.0 8.0
Health Care and Social Assistance 292,384 11.6 11.6
Arts and Recreation Services 43,634 1.7 1.5
Other Services 91,131 3.6 3.8
Inadequately described or not stated 61,222 2.4 2.3
Total employed persons aged 15+ 2,530,594 100.0 100.0

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing