Victoria is Australia’s second-smallest state, covering 227,600 square kilometres of the south-eastern point of the Australian mainland. Victoria’s capital, Melbourne is located around the shores of Port Phillip Bay.
About 36 per cent of Victoria is covered by forest with the major forest belt in the east.
The climate in Victoria can vary widely, but most of the State falls within the warm, temperate belt of the south-east corner of Australia, characterised by warm and dry summers and cool to mild, wet, winters.
Victoria produces almost a quarter of Australia’s total rural output.
Agricultural and pastoral products include wool, sheep-meat and beef, wheat, oats, barley, maize, tobacco, hops and fodder crops, citrus, grapes, apples, stone fruits and vegetables and dairy products. Victoria is Australia’s main producer of mutton and lamb, dairy products and dried vine fruits and substantial amounts are exported.
Victoria is also an important producer of timber from its 8 million hectares of forests. This includes 223 000 hectares of forest plantations.
Areas of employment are included in the following table:
|Victoria – Total persons (Usual residence)||2011|
|Industry sector||Number||%||Australia %|
|Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing||57,028||2.3||2.5|
|Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services||27,628||1.1||1.1|
|Accommodation and Food Services||153,893||6.1||6.5|
|Transport, Postal and Warehousing||118,149||4.7||4.8|
|Information Media and Telecommunications||50,081||2.0||1.8|
|Financial and Insurance Services||104,700||4.1||3.8|
|Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services||35,073||1.4||1.6|
|Professional, Scientific and Technical Services||196,221||7.8||7.3|
|Administrative and Support Services||83,197||3.3||3.2|
|Public Administration and Safety||134,972||5.3||6.9|
|Education and Training||202,306||8.0||8.0|
|Health Care and Social Assistance||292,384||11.6||11.6|
|Arts and Recreation Services||43,634||1.7||1.5|
|Inadequately described or not stated||61,222||2.4||2.3|
|Total employed persons aged 15+||2,530,594||100.0||100.0|
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing